Fire detection in private rented properties

Supporting information for Scottish Landlord Registration

Key points

Landlords are required to install smoke, fire and heat detectors in rental property, the intention being to reduce the risk of fire and the consequent loss of life, injury and damage to property. These requirements are part of the repairing standard.

In order to comply with the repairing standard there should be at least:

  • one functioning smoke alarm in the room which is frequently used by the occupants for general daytime living purposes (normally the living room/lounge),
  • one functioning smoke alarm in every circulation space on each storey, such as hallways and landings, or in main room if no landing in upper storey
  • one heat alarm in every kitchen,
  • all alarms should be ceiling mounted, and
  • all alarms should be interlinked.

The fitting of a mains-operated smoke/heat alarm system may require a building warrant and landlords should consult the Building Standards department of the local authority where the rental property is situated.

Smoke and heat alarms should be regularly maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations and it is recommended as good practice that landlords advise tenants to test alarms on a weekly basis.

Further context

Alarms can be interlinked via wires (hardwired) or wirelessly (by radio communication) with all alarms sounding when any one device is activated.

Smoke alarms fitted in rental property should conform to BS EN 14604. Heat alarms should conform to BS 5446-2. Multi-sensor alarms should conform to BS EN 54-29 or BS EN 14604. For more detailed information on smoke alarms, see BS 5839 Part 6.

It may be that there is a more stringent standard of provision for detecting and giving warning of fire for example, in a house in multiple occupation (HMO) requiring to be licensed, or if work requires a building warrant.

Full details of your obligations regarding fire, smoke and heat detection in your rental property can be found on the Scottish Government website.

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Anyone involved in letting property in the private rented sector in Scotland is welcome to attend. You do not need to be accredited.

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