Electrical Safety Certificates

Supporting information for Scottish Landlord Registration


Key points

All private landlords in Scotland are required to have specific electrical safety certificates for their rental properties following an electrical safety inspection of each property. This is part of the legal obligations under the Repairing Standard.

There are two parts to the electrical safety inspection;

  1. an inspection of installations, fixtures and fittings and
  2. a record of testing of appliances provided by the landlord

The EICR certificate covers installations and visual inspection of fixed electrical equipment. A PAT covers appliances i.e. moveable electrical equipment.

The minimum standard is that an electrical safety inspection as stated above is carried out every five years, but testing can be carried out more frequently.

Details about landlords legal obligations on electrical safety matters can be found here.

Further context

The Electrical Inspection Condition Report (EICR)

A new tenant must be given a copy of the most recent inspection before the tenancy begins.

An existing tenant must be given a copy of the inspection when it is done.

The inspection

The electrical inspection of the hard wiring and fixed appliances must be carried out by an electrician who is a member of one the following three organisations:

Portable appliance test (PAT)

Landlords should ensure that inspections are carried out by a competent person.

This means either skilled person (electrically) or a person (including the landlord) who has completed appropriate training as a PAT tester.

The date for retesting appliances is usually set during the PAT test and will usually be more frequent than five years. If the PAT test is not carried out by the electrician at the same time as the EICR, the electrician should confirm that the appliance testing report is complete and up-to-date. The electrician does not have to re-perform the PAT test if the re-test date has not passed/expired and there is a record of the appliances and having been tested and stickers confirm. If there are any appliances that need tested this can be done at the time of the inspection, but it is not necessary to retest appliances that have an up-to-date test.

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